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demonstrations:6_optics:6d_interference:interference_fringes_in_a_soap_bubble:start

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demonstrations:6_optics:6d_interference:interference_fringes_in_a_soap_bubble:start [2019/02/14 21:50]
demoroom
demonstrations:6_optics:6d_interference:interference_fringes_in_a_soap_bubble:start [2020/03/13 20:56]
demoroom
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 ====== Interference Fringes In A Soap Bubble ====== ====== Interference Fringes In A Soap Bubble ======
  
-{{tag>​bubbles ​needs_review untagged unlocated}}+{{tag>​bubbles ​interference waves light surface_tension located}}
  
 <WRAP box right> <WRAP box right>
-{{InterferenceFringesInASoapBubble_006.jpg?400|}}+{{img_20190212_155058.jpg?400|}}
  
-// //+// Example of the interference patterns visible using solution no.2 //
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
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 ===== Apparatus ===== ===== Apparatus =====
  
-In box labeled 'Thin Film Interference':+In box labeled 'Thin Film Soap Bubble':
  
   * 10cm diameter ring   * 10cm diameter ring
   * lens   * lens
 +  * clamp for ring
   * solution   * solution
 +  * Yellow filter
  
 Additionally:​ Additionally:​
  
-  * [[equipment:​35mm_projector|35 mm projector]] +  * [[equipment:​35mm_projector:start|35 mm projector]] 
-  * various ​stands ​and clamps +  * A pair of [[equipment:​lab_stands:​start|lab ​stands]]
  
 ===== Setup ===== ===== Setup =====
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 A solution is made out of dish soap, water, and glycerin (to help prolong the life of the bubble). The metal ring is dipped into the solution (a pie plate works well to hold it) and placed into the test stand. The projector is aimed at the bubble film and the reflection is focused onto a distant screen using the lens.  A solution is made out of dish soap, water, and glycerin (to help prolong the life of the bubble). The metal ring is dipped into the solution (a pie plate works well to hold it) and placed into the test stand. The projector is aimed at the bubble film and the reflection is focused onto a distant screen using the lens. 
  
 +Optionally, you can put the yellow filter in the projector. Then instead of seeing a multicolored interference pattern, a yellow and black pattern will be visible. This may be easier to explain than the multicolored pattern, though it'll be less pretty. ​
  
 +===== Bubble Solution Recipes =====
  
-===== Notes =====+These recipes were made for use with the 10cm diameter ring currently included in the box. For smaller or bigger sizes of bubbles a different solution may be desired. ​
  
 +Some notes on mixing your own: Start with just water and soap. A 50-50 mixture works okay on it's own, but is short lived (~10 seconds). Adding glycerin to the mixture will make the bubble last much longer. The water to glycerin ratio determines how quickly the interference pattern will develop. More glycerin, and it'll take much longer to show. More water and it'll develop much faster, and the horizontal banding due to gravity will also be much more apparent.
  
-Students must be reminded that the lens has inverted the imageThe thinnest portion of the film will therefore be seen at the bottom on the screen as an extended black area just before the bubble breaks.  ​+Presidents Choice 'Ultra Original 2X' dish soap was used for mixing these.
  
-General Location:   ​ +=== Bubble Solution No. 1 === 
-There are many parts for this demo and nothing ​is specifically set asideThere are many pictures below that will hopefully aid in constructing this demonstrationThis demonstration could be made with simple house-hold productsThe projector ​is found in the blue closet floorClamps ​and such can be found at the back of the roomwhile glycerin can be found in the fume hood.     ​Updated ​on: 01/13/17+ 
 +//​Interference pattern shows pretty quickly. Somewhat long lived. Horizontal banding due to gravity ​is strongly evident.// 
 + 
 +  * 300 mL water 
 +  * 75 mL dish soap 
 +  * 30 mL glycerin 
 + 
 +=== Bubble Solution No2 === 
 + 
 +//​Interference pattern develops more slowly. Very long lived (hours)Some horizontal banding ​is evident, but since the solution is much thicker it's less dominantMuch greater degree of swirling ​and complicated shapes.// 
 + 
 +  * 300 mL water 
 +  * 100 mL dish soap 
 +  * 100 mL glycerin 
 + 
 +===== Notes ===== 
 + 
 +Students must be reminded that the lens has inverted ​the image. Depending on the solution you usethe thinnest portion of the film will therefore ​be seen at the bottom ​on the screen as an extended black area just before the bubble breaks.
  
 <WRAP group> <WRAP group>
 <WRAP half column> <WRAP half column>
 +
 +<WRAP box right>
 +{{solution1.mp4?​400|}}
 +
 +// Formation of interference patterns visible using solution no.1. //
 +</​WRAP>​
  
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
 <WRAP tablewidth 100%> <WRAP tablewidth 100%>
-| **Location** | ---- |+| **Location** | S4 |
 | **Maker** | Unknown | | **Maker** | Unknown |
 | **Current State** | Working | | **Current State** | Working |
demonstrations/6_optics/6d_interference/interference_fringes_in_a_soap_bubble/start.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/16 17:20 by demoroom